Future Prophesies - During the Tribulation & Beyond
7 TRUMPET JUDGMENTS (Revelation 8-11)

Revelation Chapters 8-12Lamb & Lion Ministries
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Trumpets in the Bible

TYPES OF TRUMPETS

  • Shofar [שׁוֹפָר] – ram’s horn trumpet
  • Silver trumpets [חֲצֽוֹצְרֹ֣ת]

    • God instructs Moses to make two silver trumpets for “summoning the community and in breaking camp” (Numbers 10: 2), as well as for signaling in battle (Numbers 31: 6).

  • War trumpets​ [σάλπιγξ]

    • A "war-trumpet" that boldly announces God's victory (the vanquishing of His enemies)

Shofar [שׁוֹפַ֤ר] - Ram's Horn Trumpet

7782 shophar: a horn (for blowing)

The ram's horn, the Shofar, is a reminder of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac and God's provision of a ram as a substitute.

Genesis 22:13-14 - Abraham’s Faith Confirmed

13 Then Abraham lifted his eyes and looked, and there behind him was a ram caught in a thicket by its horns. So Abraham went and took the ram, and offered it up for a burnt offering instead of his son. 14 And Abraham called the name of the place, The-Lord-Will-Provide; as it is said to this day, “In the Mount of the Lord it shall be provided.”

This is the sound of the Shofar: A crying voice, not even of a human being, but from an animal’s horn {Ram and/or antelope} not for its coarseness, but on the contrary, because we need to express something so sublime; it cannot find in words’ so essential and unbounded; the mind can neither fathom it hold it back!

  • The Shofar remind us with an encounter with God at Mt. Sinai, a time when the Shofar was also sounded!

  • The Shofar may be seen as a call to teshuva to return to God in repentance.

  • The Shofar us of the sacrifice of Yitzchak {Isaac} as it was the ram whose horn the Shofar is made.

  • The Shofar sounding on Rosh HaShanah we give coronation the King, God will exchange judgment into grace!

  • The Shofar reminds us of the words of the {ancient} prophets which are compared to the warning-sounds!

  • The Shofar awakens us the yearning for the Temple; a place of devoted worship

  • The Shofar is meant to instill awe for the Lord our God in our hearts

  • The Shofar awakens all the Jews to yearning to return to Israel; ingathering accompanied by its sounds

  • The Shofar strengthens our faith in the resurrections of the dead at the end of days!

  • The Shofar is a Divine wake-up call; its sounds are intended to repentance; to arouse our soul to realign with God

  • The Shofar is a Divine decree that transcends human understanding and its comprehension!

  • The Shofar is a Divinely alarm, meant to arouse us to straighten out; if need to be return on the proper path..

  • The Shofar is filled with every detail of meaningful symbolism.

  • The Shofar sound & shape {curved}; the way it is held, all hint; deeper truth; intrinsically related to Rosh HaShanah

  • The Shofar; narrow at the month; widening into an expansive space represents: “I that reaches toward God!”

  • The Shofar from my depths & constraints: “I call to You; respond to me from Your expansive {Holy} place!”

  • The Shofar sound is a simple sound, emanating from the depth of your soul!

  • The Shofar sound is pure & undifferentiated!

  • The Shofar {“language”} its purpose is to create harmony; the tools it uses are letters & words; made up in sounds

  • The Shofar its purity; sound illustrates that it comes from a very deep place within the space that’s unified complete

  • The Shofar its simplicity represented the awakening of the most intense emotions.

  • The Shofar sounds arouse a desire in God above, it touches the essence & awakens a renewed desire for God!

  • The Shofar as a pure “vessel” we express our deepest yearnings that are beyond words to reach out to God!

  • The Shofar sounds connecting with the source of life on our profoundest level of awaken; renewed Divine desire

  • The Shofar blowing demonstrates surrender & self-nullification; the spirit of humility!

  • The Shofar blowing is calling His people to gather for devotional worship.

  • The Shofar blowing is in honor of Our Father in Heavens {YHVH},

  • The Shofar  blowing is praising the Lord with all your heart without hesitation

  • The Shofar blowing…. a powerful spiritual force from God's Shekinah presence!

The shofar was blown at significant times of the year

Leviticus 25:8-12 - The Year of Jubilee​

Lev 25:8 ‘And you shall count seven sabbaths of years for yourself, seven times seven years; and the time of the seven sabbaths of years shall be to you forty-nine years. 9 Then you shall cause the trumpet of the Jubilee to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement you shall make the trumpet to sound throughout all your land. 10 And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee for you; and each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you shall return to his family. 11 That fiftieth year shall be a Jubilee to you; in it you shall neither sow nor reap what grows of its own accord, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine. 12 For it is the Jubilee; it shall be holy to you; you shall eat its produce from the field.

Leviticus 23:23-25 - The Feast of Trumpets

Lev 23:23 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24 “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a sabbath-rest, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 You shall do no customary work on it; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to the Lord.’ ”

Psalm 81:3-4 - An Appeal for Israel’s Repentance

Ps 81:3 Blow the trumpet at the time of the New Moon, At the full moon, on our solemn feast day. 

4 For this is a statute for Israel, A law of the God of Jacob.

The shofar was blown to indicate significant events

2 Chronicles 15:10-15 - The Reforms of Asa

2Ch15:10 So they gathered together at Jerusalem in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. 11 And they offered to the Lord at that time seven hundred bulls and seven thousand sheep from the spoil they had brought. 12 Then they entered into a covenant to seek the Lord God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul; 13 and whoever would not seek the Lord God of Israel was to be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman. 14 Then they took an oath before the Lord with a loud voice, with shouting and trumpets [silver trumpets] and rams’ horns [shofars]. 15 And all Judah rejoiced at the oath, for they had sworn with all their heart and sought Him with all their soul; and He was found by them, and the Lord gave them rest all around.

Exodus 19:18-20 - Israel at Mount Sinai [Torah given to Israel]

Ex 19:18 Now Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. 19 And when the blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by voice. 20 Then the Lord came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

Isaiah 58:1 - Fasting that Pleases God [Call for repentance]

Is 58:1 “Cry aloud, spare not; Lift up your voice like a trumpet;

Tell My people their transgression, And the house of Jacob their sins.

The people are gathered with the sound of the shofar

Exodus 19:16-20 - Israel at Mount Sinai

Ex 19:16 Then it came to pass on the third day, in the morning, that there were thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain; and the sound of the trumpet was very loud, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled. 17 And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. 

Exodus 20:18-19 - The People Afraid of God’s Presence

Ex 20:18 Now all the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off. 19 Then they said to Moses, “You speak with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.”

Judges 6:33-35 - Gideon Destroys the Altar of Baal

Jdg 6:33 Then all the Midianites and Amalekites, the people of the East, gathered together; and they crossed over and encamped in the Valley of Jezreel. 34 But the Spirit of the Lord came upon Gideon; then he blew the trumpet, and the Abiezrites gathered behind him. 35 And he sent messengers throughout all Manasseh, who also gathered behind him. He also sent messengers to Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali; and they came up to meet them.

1 Samuel 13:3 - Saul’s Unlawful Sacrifice

1Sa 13:3 And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!”

2 Samuel 20:1-2; 20-22 - The Rebellion of Sheba

2Sa 20:1 And there happened to be there a rebel, whose name was Sheba the son of Bichri, a Benjamite. And he blew a trumpet, and said: “We have no share in David, Nor do we have inheritance in the son of Jesse; Every man to his tents, O Israel!” 2 So every man of Israel deserted David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri. But the men of Judah, from the Jordan as far as Jerusalem, remained loyal to their king.

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20 And Joab answered and said, “Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy! 21 That is not so. But a man from the mountains of Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, has raised his hand against the king, against David. Deliver him only, and I will depart from the city.” 

So the woman said to Joab, “Watch, his head will be thrown to you over the wall.” 22 Then the woman in her wisdom went to all the people. And they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and threw it out to Joab. Then he blew a trumpet, and they withdrew from the city, every man to his tent. So Joab returned to the king at Jerusalem.

Nehemiah 4:18-20 - The Wall Defended Against Enemies

Neh 4:18 Every one of the builders had his sword girded at his side as he built. And the one who sounded the trumpet was beside me. 19 Then I said to the nobles, the rulers, and the rest of the people, “The work is great and extensive, and we are separated far from one another on the wall. 20 Wherever you hear the sound of the trumpet, rally to us there. Our God will fight for us.”

Isaiah 27:12-13 - The Restoration of Israel

Is 27:12 And it shall come to pass in that day That the Lord will thresh, From the channel of the River to the Brook of Egypt;
And you will be gathered one by one, O you children of Israel. 13 So it shall be in that day: The great trumpet will be blown; They will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, And they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, And shall worship the Lord in the holy mount at Jerusalem.

 

Joel 2:12-17 - A Call to Repentance

Joel 2:12 “Now, therefore,” says the Lord, “Turn to Me with all your heart, With fasting, with weeping, and with mourning.”
13 So rend your heart, and not your garments; Return to the Lord your God,
For He is gracious and merciful, Slow to anger, and of great kindness; And He relents from doing harm.
14 Who knows if He will turn and relent, And leave a blessing behind Him— 
A grain offering and a drink offering For the Lord your God?

15 Blow the trumpet in Zion, Consecrate a fast, Call a sacred assembly;
16 Gather the people, Sanctify the congregation, Assemble the elders, Gather the children and nursing babes;
Let the bridegroom go out from his chamber, And the bride from her dressing room.
17 Let the priests, who minister to the Lord, Weep between the porch and the altar;
Let them say, “Spare Your people, O Lord, And do not give Your heritage to reproach,
That the nations should rule over them. Why should they say among the peoples, ‘Where is their God?’ ”

The shofar was blown to coronate kings

2 Samuel 15:10 - Absalom’s Treason

2Sa 15:10 Then Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, “As soon as you hear the sound of the trumpet, then you shall say, ‘Absalom reigns in Hebron!’ ” 

1 Kings 1:32-40 - David Proclaims Solomon King

1Ki 1:32 And King David said, “Call to me Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” So they came before the king. 33 The king also said to them, “Take with you the servants of your lord, and have Solomon my son ride on my own mule, and take him down to Gihon. 34 There let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him king over Israel; and blow the horn, and say, ‘Long live King Solomon!’ 35 Then you shall come up after him, and he shall come and sit on my throne, and he shall be king in my place. For I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and Judah.”

38 So Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the Cherethites, and the Pelethites went down and had Solomon ride on King David’s mule, and took him to Gihon. 39 Then Zadok the priest took a horn of oil from the tabernacle and anointed Solomon. And they blew the horn, and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon!” 40 And all the people went up after him; and the people played the flutes and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth seemed to split with their sound.

41 Now Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they finished eating. And when Joab heard the sound of the horn, he said, “Why is the city in such a noisy uproar?” 42 While he was still speaking, there came Jonathan, the son of Abiathar the priest. And Adonijah said to him, “Come in, for you are a prominent man, and bring good news.”

2 Kings 9:11-13 - Jehu Anointed King of Israel

2Ki 9:11 Then Jehu came out to the servants of his master, and one said to him, “Is all well? Why did this madman come to you?” And he said to them, “You know the man and his babble.” 12 And they said, “A lie! Tell us now.”

So he said, “Thus and thus he spoke to me, saying, ‘Thus says the Lord: “I have anointed you king over Israel.” ’ ”

13 Then each man hastened to take his garment and put it under him on the top of the steps; and they blew trumpets, saying, “Jehu is king!

The shofar is blown as a warning

Isaiah 18:1-3 - Proclamation Against Ethiopia

Is 18:1 Woe to the land shadowed with buzzing wings, Which is beyond the rivers of Ethiopia,

2 Which sends ambassadors by sea, Even in vessels of reed on the waters, saying,
“Go, swift messengers, to a nation tall and smooth of skin, To a people terrible from their beginning onward,
A nation powerful and treading down, Whose land the rivers divide.”

3 All inhabitants of the world and dwellers on the earth:
When he lifts up a banner on the mountains, you see it; And when he blows a trumpet, you hear it.

Ezekiel 33:1-6 - The Watchman and His Message

Ez 33:1 Again the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 2 “Son of man, speak to the children of your people, and say to them: ‘When I bring the sword upon a land, and the people of the land take a man from their territory and make him their watchman, 3 when he sees the sword coming upon the land, if he blows the trumpet and warns the people, 4 then whoever hears the sound of the trumpet and does not take warning, if the sword comes and takes him away, his blood shall be on his own head. 5 He heard the sound of the trumpet, but did not take warning; his blood shall be upon himself. But he who takes warning will save his life. 6 But if the watchman sees the sword coming and does not blow the trumpet, and the people are not warned, and the sword comes and takes any person from among them, he is taken away in his iniquity; but his blood I will require at the watchman’s hand.’

Jeremiah 4:5-6 - An Imminent Invasion

Jer 4:5 Declare in Judah and proclaim in Jerusalem, and say:

“Blow the trumpet in the land; Cry, ‘Gather together,’ 

And say, ‘Assemble yourselves, And let us go into the fortified cities.’
6 Set up the standard toward Zion. Take refuge! Do not delay!
For I will bring disaster from the north, And great destruction.”

Jeremiah 4:19-22 - Sorrow for the Doomed Nation

19 O my soul, my soul! I am pained in my very heart!
My heart makes a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace,
Because you have heard, O my soul, The sound of the trumpet, The alarm of war.

20 Destruction upon destruction is cried, For the whole land is plundered.
Suddenly my tents are plundered, And my curtains in a moment.

21 How long will I see the standard, And hear the sound of the trumpet?

22 “For My people are foolish, They have not known Me.
They are silly children, And they have no understanding.
They are wise to do evil, But to do good they have no knowledge.”

Jeremiah 6:1;16-19 - Impending Destruction from the North

Jer 6:1 “O you children of Benjamin, Gather yourselves to flee from the midst of Jerusalem!
Blow the trumpet in Tekoa, And set up a signal-fire in Beth Haccerem;
For disaster appears out of the north, And great destruction.

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16 Thus says the Lord: “Stand in the ways and see, And ask for the old paths, where the good way is, And walk in it;
Then you will find rest for your souls. But they said, ‘We will not walk in it.’
17 Also, I set watchmen over you, saying, ‘Listen to the sound of the trumpet!’ But they said, ‘We will not listen.’
18 Therefore hear, you nations, And know, O congregation, what is among them.
19 Hear, O earth! Behold, I will certainly bring calamity on this people—
The fruit of their thoughts, Because they have not heeded My words Nor My law, but rejected it.

Jeremiah 42:13-17 - The Flight to Egypt Forbidden

Jer 42:13 “But if you say, ‘We will not dwell in this land,’ disobeying the voice of the Lord your God, 14 saying, ‘No, but we will go to the land of Egypt where we shall see no war, nor hear the sound of the trumpet, nor be hungry for bread, and there we will dwell’— 15 Then hear now the word of the Lord, O remnant of Judah! Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘If you wholly set your faces to enter Egypt, and go to dwell there, 16 then it shall be that the sword which you feared shall overtake you there in the land of Egypt; the famine of which you were afraid shall follow close after you there in Egypt; and there you shall die. 17 So shall it be with all the men who set their faces to go to Egypt to dwell there. They shall die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence. And none of them shall remain or escape from the disaster that I will bring upon them.’

Jeremiah 51:25-27 - The Utter Destruction of Babylon

Jer 51:25 “Behold, I am against you, O destroying mountain, Who destroys all the earth,” says the Lord.
“And I will stretch out My hand against you, Roll you down from the rocks, And make you a burnt mountain.
26 They shall not take from you a stone for a corner Nor a stone for a foundation,
But you shall be desolate forever,” says the Lord.

27 Set up a banner in the land, Blow the trumpet among the nations!
Prepare the nations against her, Call the kingdoms together against her: Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz.
Appoint a general against her; Cause the horses to come up like the bristling locusts.

Amos 3:1-6 - Authority of the Prophet’s Message

Amos 3:1 Hear this word that the Lord has spoken against you, O children of Israel, against the whole family which I brought up from the land of Egypt, saying:

2 “You only have I known of all the families of the earth; Therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities.”

3 Can two walk together, unless they are agreed? 
4 Will a lion roar in the forest, when he has no prey? Will a young lion cry out of his den, if he has caught nothing?
5 Will a bird fall into a snare on the earth, where there is no trap for it? 
Will a snare spring up from the earth, if it has caught nothing at all?
6 If a trumpet is blown in a city, will not the people be afraid? If there is calamity in a city, will not the Lord have done it?

Hosea 5:6-12 - Impending Judgment on Israel and Judah

Hos 5:6 “With their flocks and herds They shall go to seek the Lord,
But they will not find Him; He has withdrawn Himself from them.
7 They have dealt treacherously with the Lord, For they have begotten pagan children.
Now a New Moon shall devour them and their heritage.

8 “Blow the ram’s horn [shofar] in Gibeah, The trumpet [silver trumpet] in Ramah!
Cry aloud at Beth Aven, ‘Look behind you, O Benjamin!’
9 Ephraim shall be desolate in the day of rebuke; Among the tribes of Israel I make known what is sure.

10 “The princes of Judah are like those who remove a landmark; I will pour out My wrath on them like water.
11 Ephraim is oppressed and broken in judgment, Because he willingly walked by human precept.
12 Therefore I will be to Ephraim like a moth, And to the house of Judah like rottenness.

Hosea 8:1-3 - The Apostasy of Israel

8 “Set the trumpet to your mouth! He shall come like an eagle against the house of the Lord,
Because they have transgressed My covenant And rebelled against My law.

2 Israel will cry to Me, ‘My God, we know You!’
3 Israel has rejected the good; The enemy will pursue him.

The shofar was blown during war

Judges 3:26-30 - Ehud

Jdg 3:26 But Ehud had escaped while they delayed, and passed beyond the stone images and escaped to Seirah. 27 And it happened, when he arrived, that he blew the trumpet in the mountains of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mountains; and he led them. 28 Then he said to them, “Follow me, for the Lord has delivered your enemies the Moabites into your hand.” So they went down after him, seized the fords of the Jordan leading to Moab, and did not allow anyone to cross over. 29 And at that time they killed about ten thousand men of Moab, all stout men of valor; not a man escaped. 30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest for eighty years.

Joshua 6:2-5; 20 - The Destruction of Jericho

Jos 6:2 And the Lord said to Joshua: “See! I have given Jericho into your hand, its king, and the mighty men of valor. 3 You shall march around the city, all you men of war; you shall go all around the city once. This you shall do six days. 4 And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark. But the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. 5 It shall come to pass, when they make a long blast with the ram’s horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, that all the people shall shout with a great shout; then the wall of the city will fall down flat. And the people shall go up every man straight before him.”

 

6 Then Joshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, “Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of the Lord.” 7 And he said to the people, “Proceed, and march around the city, and let him who is armed advance before the ark of the Lord.”

8 So it was, when Joshua had spoken to the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the Lord advanced and blew the trumpets, and the ark of the covenant of the Lord followed them. 9 The armed men went before the priests who blew the trumpets, and the rear guard came after the ark, while the priests continued blowing the trumpets. 10 Now Joshua had commanded the people, saying, “You shall not shout or make any noise with your voice, nor shall a word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I say to you, ‘Shout!’ Then you shall shout.” 11 So he had the ark of the Lord circle the city, going around it once. Then they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

 

12 And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the Lord. 13 Then seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark of the Lord went on continually and blew with the trumpets. And the armed men went before them. But the rear guard came after the ark of the Lord, while the priests continued blowing the trumpets. 14 And the second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. So they did six days.

 

15 But it came to pass on the seventh day that they rose early, about the dawning of the day, and marched around the city seven times in the same manner. On that day only they marched around the city seven times. 16 And the seventh time it happened, when the priests blew the trumpets, that Joshua said to the people: “Shout, for the Lord has given you the city! 17 Now the city shall be doomed by the Lord to destruction, it and all who are in it. Only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all who are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent. 18 And you, by all means abstain from the accursed things, lest you become accursed when you take of the accursed things, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it. 19 But all the silver and gold, and vessels of bronze and iron, are consecrated to the Lord; they shall come into the treasury of the Lord.”

 20 So the people shouted when the priests blew the trumpets. And it happened when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat. 

Judges 7:7-22 - Gideon’s Valiant Three Hundred​

7 Then the Lord said to Gideon, “By the three hundred men who lapped I will save you, and deliver the Midianites into your hand. Let all the other people go, every man to his place.” 8 So the people took provisions and their trumpets in their hands. And he sent away all the rest of Israel, every man to his tent, and retained those three hundred men. Now the camp of Midian was below him in the valley.

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15 And so it was, when Gideon heard the telling of the dream and its interpretation, that he worshiped. He returned to the camp of Israel, and said, “Arise, for the Lord has delivered the camp of Midian into your hand.” 16 Then he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet into every man’s hand, with empty pitchers, and torches inside the pitchers. 17 And he said to them, “Look at me and do likewise; watch, and when I come to the edge of the camp you shall do as I do: 18 When I blow the trumpet, I and all who are with me, then you also blow the trumpets on every side of the whole camp, and say, ‘The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!’ ”

 

19 So Gideon and the hundred men who were with him came to the outpost of the camp at the beginning of the middle watch, just as they had posted the watch; and they blew the trumpets and broke the pitchers that were in their hands. 20 Then the three companies blew the trumpets and broke the pitchers—they held the torches in their left hands and the trumpets in their right hands for blowing—and they cried, “The sword of the Lord and of Gideon!” 21 And every man stood in his place all around the camp; and the whole army ran and cried out and fled. 22 When the three hundred blew the trumpets, the Lord set every man’s sword against his companion throughout the whole camp; and the army fled to Beth Acacia, toward Zererah, as far as the border of Abel Meholah, by Tabbath.

2 Samuel 2:27-28 - Israel and Judah at War

2Sa 2:27 And Joab said, “As God lives, unless you had spoken, surely then by morning all the people would have given up pursuing their brethren.” 28 So Joab blew a trumpet; and all the people stood still and did not pursue Israel anymore, nor did they fight anymore. 

2 Samuel 18:14-17 - Absalom’s Defeat and Death

2Sa 18:14 Then Joab said, “I cannot linger with you.” And he took three spears in his hand and thrust them through Absalom’s heart, while he was still alive in the midst of the terebinth tree. 15 And ten young men who bore Joab’s armor surrounded Absalom, and struck and killed him. 16 So Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing Israel. For Joab held back the people. 17 And they took Absalom and cast him into a large pit in the woods, and laid a very large heap of stones over him. Then all Israel fled, everyone to his tent.

Job 39:19-25 - God Continues to Challenge Job

Job 39:19 “Have you given the horse strength? Have you clothed his neck with thunder?
20 Can you frighten him like a locust? His majestic snorting strikes terror.
21 He paws in the valley, and rejoices in his strength; He gallops into the clash of arms.
22 He mocks at fear, and is not frightened; Nor does he turn back from the sword.
23 The quiver rattles against him, The glittering spear and javelin.
24 He devours the distance with fierceness and rage; Nor does he come to a halt because the trumpet has sounded.
25 At the blast of the trumpet he says, ‘Aha!’ He smells the battle from afar, The thunder of captains and shouting.

Amos 2:1-3 - Judgment on Israel

Amos 2:1 Thus says the Lord: “For three transgressions of Moab, and for four,
I will not turn away its punishment, Because he burned the bones of the king of Edom to lime.
2 But I will send a fire upon Moab, And it shall devour the palaces of Kerioth;
Moab shall die with tumult, With shouting and trumpet sound. 
3 And I will cut off the judge from its midst, And slay all its princes with him,” Says the Lord.

The shofar is blown in celebration and praise

Psalm 47:1-7 - Praise to God, the Ruler of the Earth

Ps 47:1 Oh, clap your hands, all you peoples! Shout to God with the voice of triumph!

2 For the Lord Most High is awesome; He is a great King over all the earth.
3 He will subdue the peoples under us, And the nations under our feet.
4 He will choose our inheritance for us, The excellence of Jacob whom He loves. Selah

God has gone up with a shout, The Lord with the sound of a trumpet.
6 Sing praises to God, sing praises! Sing praises to our King, sing praises!
7 For God is the King of all the earth; Sing praises with understanding.

2 Samuel 6:12-14 - The Ark Brought to Jerusalem

2Sa 6:12 Now it was told King David, saying, “The Lord has blessed the house of Obed-Edom and all that belongs to him, because of the ark of God.” So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-Edom to the City of David with gladness. 13 And so it was, when those bearing the ark of the Lord had gone six paces, that he sacrificed oxen and fatted sheep. 14 Then David danced before the Lord with all his might; and David was wearing a linen ephod. 15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the Lord with shouting and with the sound of the trumpet.

1 Chronicles 15:25-28 - The Ark Brought to Jerusalem

1Ch 15:25 So David, the elders of Israel, and the captains over thousands went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord from the house of Obed-Edom with joy. 26 And so it was, when God helped the Levites who bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, that they offered seven bulls and seven rams. 27 David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who bore the ark, the singers, and Chenaniah the music master with the singers. David also wore a linen ephod. 28 Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the Lord with shouting and with the sound of the horn [shofar], with trumpets [silver trumpets] and with cymbals, making music with stringed instruments and harps.

Psalm 98:4-6 - A Song of Praise to the Lord for His Salvation and Judgment

Ps 98:4 Shout joyfully to the Lord, all the earth; Break forth in song, rejoice, and sing praises.
5 Sing to the Lord with the harp, With the harp and the sound of a psalm,
6 With trumpets and the sound of a horn; Shout joyfully before the Lord, the King.

Psalm 150:1-5 - Let All Things Praise the Lord

Ps 150:1 Praise the Lord! Praise God in His sanctuary; Praise Him in His mighty firmament!

2 Praise Him for His mighty acts; Praise Him according to His excellent greatness!

3 Praise Him with the sound of the trumpet; Praise Him with the lute and harp!
4 Praise Him with the timbrel and dance; Praise Him with stringed instruments and flutes!
5 Praise Him with loud cymbals; Praise Him with clashing cymbals!

The blowing of the shofar ushers in the day of the Lord

Joel 2:1 - The Day of the Lord

Joel 2:1 Blow the trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm in My holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble;
For the day of the Lord is coming, For it is at hand:

Zephaniah 1:14-16 - The Great Day of the Lord

Zep 1:14 The great day of the Lord is near; It is near and hastens quickly.
The noise of the day of the Lord is bitter; There the mighty men shall cry out.
15 That day is a day of wrath, A day of trouble and distress, A day of devastation and desolation, 

A day of darkness and gloominess, A day of clouds and thick darkness,
16 A day of trumpet and alarm Against the fortified cities And against the high towers.

Zechariah 9:14-16 - God Will Save His People

14 Then the Lord will be seen over them, And His arrow will go forth like lightning.
The Lord God will blow the trumpet, And go with whirlwinds from the south.
15 The Lord of hosts will defend them; They shall devour and subdue with slingstones.
They shall drink and roar as if with wine; They shall be filled with blood like basins, Like the corners of the altar.
16 The Lord their God will save them in that day,

 
 

Silver trumpets [חֲצֽוֹצְרֹ֣ת]

 

2689 chatsotsrah: (an ancient) trumpet

Silver Trumpet Uses: (https://biblehub.com/bdb/2689.htm)

  • 1 as secular instrument 

  • 2 as sacred instrument    2 Kings 12:14, especially for use by priests (only P, Psalm 98 and Chronicles).

    • a. ׳תקע בח (of blowing a single long blast) Numbers 10:3,4,7,8, to gather congregation or ׳נשׂיא together, and, on festivals, over sacrifice, 'to be remembered before ׳י,' Numbers 10:10.

    • b. ׳תקע תרועה בח, or ׳הריע בח (of sounding alarm, — a series of quick blasts) for camps to move Numbers 10:5,6, also in battle, Numbers 10:9, 'to be remembered before ׳י;' so Numbers 31:6; 2Chronicles 13:12 (compare 2 Chronicles 13:14), both התרועה ׳ח.

    • c. especially in Chr's descriptions of ceremonies at festivals, to express rejoicing: 1 Chronicles 13:8; 1 Chronicles 15:28 ("" קוֺל שׁוֺפָר), 1 Chronicles 16:6,42; 2Chronicles 15:14 ("" שׁוֺפָר), 2 Chronicles 20:28; 29:26,27; Ezra 3:10; Nehemiah 12:35,41; Psalm 98:6 ("" קוֺל שׁוֺפָר); ׳הָרִים קוֺל בח2Chronicles 5:13; ׳מחצצרים בח 1 Chronicles 15:24; 2Chronicles 5:12,13; 13:14; in 2 Chronicles 29:28 this participle agrees with noun in sense, and is masculine; and the clarions (= players on the clarions) sounded. — The חֲצֹצְרָה, or (sacred) clarion, was a long, straight, slender metal tube, with flaring end, see BenzArchäol. 277; distinguished thus from the שׁוֺפָר which was originally a ram's horn, and probably always retained the horn-shape; the שׁוֺפָר is mentioned constantly in the earlier literature, and was used by watchmen, warriors, etc., as well as priests (see Benzib. 276 and שׁוֺפָר).

Numbers 10:1-8 - Two Silver Trumpets

Nu 10:1 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2 “Make two silver trumpets for yourself; you shall make them of hammered work; you shall use them for calling the congregation and for directing the movement of the camps. 3 When they blow both of them, all the congregation shall gather before you at the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 4 But if they blow only one, then the leaders, the heads of the divisions of Israel, shall gather to you. 5 When you sound the advance, the camps that lie on the east side shall then begin their journey. 6 When you sound the advance the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall begin their journey; they shall sound the call for them to begin their journeys. 7 And when the assembly is to be gathered together, you shall blow, but not sound the advance. 8 The sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets; and these shall be to you as an ordinance forever throughout your generations.

9 “When you go to war in your land against the enemy who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, and you will be remembered before the Lord your God, and you will be saved from your enemies. 10 Also in the day of your gladness, in your appointed feasts, and at the beginning of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; and they shall be a memorial for you before your God: I am the Lord your God.”

Numbers 31:6 - Vengeance on the Midianites

Nu 31:6 Then Moses sent them to the war, one thousand from each tribe; he sent them to the war with Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest, with the holy articles and the signal trumpets in his hand.

2 Kings 12:11-14 - Jehoash Repairs the Temple

2Ki 12:11 Then they gave the money, which had been apportioned, into the hands of those who did the work, who had the oversight of the house of the Lord; and they paid it out to the carpenters and builders who worked on the house of the Lord, 12 and to masons and stonecutters, and for buying timber and hewn stone, to repair the damage of the house of the Lord, and for all that was paid out to repair the temple. 13 However there were not made for the house of the Lord basins of silver, trimmers, sprinkling-bowls, trumpets, any articles of gold or articles of silver, from the money brought into the house of the Lord. 14 But they gave that to the workmen, and they repaired the house of the Lord with it. 

1 Chronicles 13:5-7 - The Ark Brought from Kirjath Jearim

1Ch 13:5 So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor in Egypt to as far as the entrance of Hamath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjath Jearim. 6 And David and all Israel went up to Baalah, to Kirjath Jearim, which belonged to Judah, to bring up from there the ark of God the Lord, who dwells between the cherubim, where His name is proclaimed. 7 So they carried the ark of God on a new cart from the house of Abinadab, and Uzza and Ahio drove the cart. 8 Then David and all Israel played music before God with all their might, with singing, on harps, on stringed instruments, on tambourines, on cymbals, and with trumpets.

1 Chronicles 15:24-28 - The Ark Brought to Jerusalem

1Ch 15:16 Then David spoke to the leaders of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers accompanied by instruments of music, stringed instruments, harps, and cymbals, by raising the voice with resounding joy. ... 24 Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, were to blow the trumpets before the ark of God; and Obed-Edom and Jehiah, doorkeepers for the ark. 25 So David, the elders of Israel, and the captains over thousands went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord from the house of Obed-Edom with joy. 26 And so it was, when God helped the Levites who bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, that they offered seven bulls and seven rams. 27 David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who bore the ark, the singers, and Chenaniah the music master with the singers. David also wore a linen ephod. 28 Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the Lord with shouting and with the sound of the horn [shofar], with trumpets [silver trumpets] and with cymbals, making music with stringed instruments and harps.

1 Chronicles 16:4-6 - The Ark Placed in the Tabernacle

1Ch 16:And he appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the Lord, to commemorate, to thank, and to praise the Lord God of Israel: 5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, and Obed-Edom: Jeiel with stringed instruments and harps, but Asaph made music with cymbals; 6 Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests regularly blew the trumpets before the ark of the covenant of God.

1 Chronicles 16:37-42 - Regular Worship Maintained

1Ch 16:37 So he left Asaph and his brothers there before the ark of the covenant of the Lord to minister before the ark regularly, as every day’s work required; 38 and Obed-Edom with his sixty-eight brethren, including Obed-Edom the son of Jeduthun, and Hosah, to be gatekeepers; 39 and Zadok the priest and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the Lord at the high place that was at Gibeon, 40 to offer burnt offerings to the Lord on the altar of burnt offering regularly morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the Law of the Lord which He commanded Israel; 41 and with them Heman and Jeduthun and the rest who were chosen, who were designated by name, to give thanks to the Lord, because His mercy endures forever; 42 and with them Heman and Jeduthun, to sound aloud with trumpets and cymbals and the musical instruments of God. Now the sons of Jeduthun were gatekeepers.

2 Chronicles 5:11-14 - The Ark Brought into the Temple

2Ch 5:11 And it came to pass when the priests came out of the Most Holy Place (for all the priests who were present had sanctified themselves, without keeping to their divisions), 12 and the Levites who were the singers, all those of Asaph and Heman and Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, stood at the east end of the altar, clothed in white linen, having cymbals, stringed instruments and harps, and with them one hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets— 13 indeed it came to pass, when the trumpeters and singers were as one, to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking the Lord, and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of music, and praised the Lord, saying:

“For He is good, For His mercy endures forever,”

that the house, the house of the Lord, was filled with a cloud, 14 so that the priests could not continue ministering because of the cloud; for the glory of the Lord filled the house of God.

2 Chronicles 13:10-18 - Abijah Reigns in Judah

2Ch 13:10 But as for us, the Lord is our God, and we have not forsaken Him; and the priests who minister to the Lord are the sons of Aaron, and the Levites attend to their duties. 11 And they burn to the Lord every morning and every evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense; they also set the showbread in order on the pure gold table, and the lampstand of gold with its lamps to burn every evening; for we keep the command of the Lord our God, but you have forsaken Him. 12 Now look, God Himself is with us as our head, and His priests with sounding trumpets to sound the alarm against you. O children of Israel, do not fight against the Lord God of your fathers, for you shall not prosper!” 

13 But Jeroboam caused an ambush to go around behind them; so they were in front of Judah, and the ambush was behind them. 14 And when Judah looked around, to their surprise the battle line was at both front and rear; and they cried out to the Lord, and the priests sounded the trumpets. 15 Then the men of Judah gave a shout; and as the men of Judah shouted, it happened that God struck Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. 16 And the children of Israel fled before Judah, and God delivered them into their hand. 17 Then Abijah and his people struck them with a great slaughter; so five hundred thousand choice men of Israel fell slain. 18 Thus the children of Israel were subdued at that time; and the children of Judah prevailed, because they relied on the Lord God of their fathers.

2 Chronicles 15:10-15 - The Reforms of Asa

2Ch 15:10 So they gathered together at Jerusalem in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. 11 And they offered to the Lord at that time seven hundred bulls and seven thousand sheep from the spoil they had brought. 12 Then they entered into a covenant to seek the Lord God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul; 13 and whoever would not seek the Lord God of Israel was to be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman. 14 Then they took an oath before the Lord with a loud voice, with shouting and trumpets [silver trumpets] and rams’ horns [shofars]. 15 And all Judah rejoiced at the oath, for they had sworn with all their heart and sought Him with all their soul; and He was found by them, and the Lord gave them rest all around.

2 Chronicles 20:25-30 - Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir Defeated

2Ch 20:25 When Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away their spoil, they found among them an abundance of valuables on the dead bodies, and precious jewelry, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away; and they were three days gathering the spoil because there was so much. 26 And on the fourth day they assembled in the Valley of Berachah, for there they blessed the Lord; therefore the name of that place was called The Valley of Berachah until this day. 27 Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, with Jehoshaphat in front of them, to go back to Jerusalem with joy, for the Lord had made them rejoice over their enemies. 28 So they came to Jerusalem, with stringed instruments and harps and trumpets, to the house of the Lord. 29 And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of those countries when they heard that the Lord had fought against the enemies of Israel. 30 Then the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet, for his God gave him rest all around.

2 Chronicles 29:25-30 - Hezekiah Restores Temple Worship

2Ch 29:25 And he stationed the Levites in the house of the Lord with cymbals, with stringed instruments, and with harps, according to the commandment of David, of Gad the king’s seer, and of Nathan the prophet; for thus was the commandment of the Lord by His prophets. 26 The Levites stood with the instruments of David, and the priests with the trumpets. 27 Then Hezekiah commanded them to offer the burnt offering on the altar. And when the burnt offering began, the song of the Lord also began, with the trumpets and with the instruments of David king of Israel. 28 So all the assembly worshiped, the singers sang, and the trumpeters sounded; all this continued until the burnt offering was finished. 29 And when they had finished offering, the king and all who were present with him bowed and worshiped. 30 Moreover King Hezekiah and the leaders commanded the Levites to sing praise to the Lord with the words of David and of Asaph the seer. So they sang praises with gladness, and they bowed their heads and worshiped.

Ezra 3:10-11 - Restoration of the Temple Begins

Ezra 3:10 When the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the Lord, the priests stood in their apparel with trumpets, and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with cymbals, to praise the Lord, according to the ordinance of David king of Israel. 11 And they sang responsively, praising and giving thanks to the Lord: “For He is good, For His mercy endures forever toward Israel.” Then all the people shouted with a great shout, when they praised the Lord, because the foundation of the house of the Lord was laid.

Nehemiah 12:27-43 - Nehemiah Dedicates the Wall

27 Now at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought out the Levites in all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem to celebrate the dedication with gladness, both with thanksgivings and singing, with cymbals and stringed instruments and harps. ... 30 Then the priests and Levites purified themselves, and purified the people, the gates, and the wall.

31 So I brought the leaders of Judah up on the wall, and appointed two large thanksgiving choirs. One went to the right hand on the wall toward the Refuse Gate. 32 After them went Hoshaiah and half of the leaders of Judah, 33 and Azariah, Ezra, Meshullam, 34 Judah, Benjamin, Shemaiah, Jeremiah, 35 and some of the priests’ sons with trumpets—Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph, 36 and his brethren, Shemaiah, Azarel, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethanel, Judah, and Hanani, with the musical instruments of David the man of God. And Ezra the scribe went before them. 37 By the Fountain Gate, in front of them, they went up the stairs of the City of David, on the stairway of the wall, beyond the house of David, as far as the Water Gate eastward.

...40 So the two thanksgiving choirs stood in the house of God, likewise I and the half of the rulers with me; 41 and the priests, Eliakim, Maaseiah, [s]Minjamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, with trumpets; 42 also Maaseiah, Shemaiah, Eleazar, Uzzi, Jehohanan, Malchijah, Elam, and Ezer. The singers [t]sang loudly with Jezrahiah the director. 43 Also that day they offered great sacrifices, and rejoiced, for God had made them rejoice with great joy; the women and the children also rejoiced, so that the joy of Jerusalem was heard afar off.

 

Psalm 98:4-6 - A Song of Praise to the Lord for His Salvation and Judgment

Ps 98:4 Shout joyfully to the Lord, all the earth; Break forth in song, rejoice, and sing praises.
5 Sing to the Lord with the harp, With the harp and the sound of a psalm,
6 With trumpets [silver trumpets] and the sound of a horn [shofar]; Shout joyfully before the Lord, the King.

As a secular instrument

Hosea 5:8-9 - Impending Judgment on Israel and Judah

Hos 5:8 “Blow the ram’s horn [shofar] in Gibeah, The trumpet [silver trumpet] in Ramah!
Cry aloud at Beth Aven, ‘Look behind you, O Benjamin!’
9 Ephraim shall be desolate in the day of rebuke; Among the tribes of Israel I make known what is sure.

2 Kings 11:13-16 - Death of Athaliah

2Ki 11:13 Now when Athaliah heard the noise of the escorts and the people, she came to the people in the temple of the Lord. 14 When she looked, there was the king standing by a pillar according to custom; and the leaders and the trumpeters were by the king. All the people of the land were rejoicing and blowing trumpets. So Athaliah tore her clothes and cried out, “Treason! Treason!” 15 And Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the officers of the army, and said to them, “Take her outside under guard, and slay with the sword whoever follows her.” For the priest had said, “Do not let her be killed in the house of the Lord.” 16 So they seized her; and she went by way of the horses’ entrance into the king’s house, and there she was killed.

2 Chronicles 23:12-15 - Death of Athaliah

2Ch 23:12 Now when Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people in the temple of the Lord. 13 When she looked, there was the king standing by his pillar at the entrance; and the leaders and the trumpeters were by the king. All the people of the land were rejoicing and blowing trumpets, also the singers with musical instruments, and those who led in praise. So Athaliah tore her clothes and said, “Treason! Treason!” 14 And Jehoiada the priest brought out the captains of hundreds who were set over the army, and said to them, “Take her outside under guard, and slay with the sword whoever follows her.” For the priest had said, “Do not kill her in the house of the Lord.” 15 So they seized her; and she went by way of the entrance of the Horse Gate into the king’s house, and they killed her there.

Trumpets [σάλπιγξ]

4536 sálpigks – "properly, a war-trumpet" (WS, 797) that boldly announces God's victory (the vanquishing of His enemies).

In the OT, trumpets were used to called God's people to war, and to announce victory wrought by Him. That is, a military clarion that proclaimed the Lord inspired and empowered the victory on behalf of His people.

https://biblehub.com/greek/4536.htm

 

All trumpet references to rapture and the 7 trumpet judgments use this word for trumpets.

1 Corinthians 14:6-9 - Tongues Must Be Interpreted

1Co14:6 But now, brethren, if I come to you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you unless I speak to you either by revelation, by knowledge, by prophesying, or by teaching? 7 Even things without life, whether flute or harp, when they make a sound, unless they make a distinction in the sounds, how will it be known what is piped or played? 8 For if the trumpet makes an uncertain sound, who will prepare for battle? 9 So likewise you, unless you utter by the tongue words easy to understand, how will it be known what is spoken? For you will be speaking into the air. 

Hebrews 12:18-24 - The Glorious Company

Heb 12:18 For you have not come to the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire, and to blackness and darkness and tempest, 19 and the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words, so that those who heard it begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore. 20 (For they could not endure what was commanded: “And if so much as a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned or shot with an arrow.” 21 And so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I am exceedingly afraid and trembling.”) 22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, 23 to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24 to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel.

Revelation 1:9-11 - Vision of the Son of Man

Rev 1:9 I, John, both your brother and companion in the tribulation and kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was on the island that is called Patmos for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. 10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s Day, and I heard behind me a loud voice, as of a trumpet, 11 saying, “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last,” and, “What you see, write in a book and send it to the seven churches which are in Asia: to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamos, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea.”

Rapture

 

Revelation 4:1 - The Throne Room of Heaven

Rev 4:1 After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven. And the first voice which I heard was like a trumpet speaking with me, saying, “Come up here, and I will show you things which must take place after this.”

Matthew 24:29-31 - The Coming of the Son of Man

Mt 24:29 “Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 30 Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

1 Thessalonians 4:15-18 - The Comfort of Christ’s Coming

1Th 4:15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord will by no means precede those who are asleep. 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words.

1 Corinthians15:50-54 - Our Final Victory

1Co 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does corruption inherit incorruption. 51 Behold, I tell you a mystery: We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed— 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. 53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. 54 So when this corruptible has put on incorruption, and this mortal has put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written: “Death is swallowed up in victory.”

The Trumpet Judgments (Revelation 8-9)

 

Seventh Seal: Prelude to the Seven Trumpets

Rev 8:1 When He opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. 2 And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and to them were given seven trumpets. 3 Then another angel, having a golden censer, came and stood at the altar. He was given much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. 4 And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, ascended before God from the angel’s hand. 5 Then the angel took the censer, filled it with fire from the altar, and threw it to the earth. And there were noises, thunderings, lightnings, and an earthquake. 6 So the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.

First Trumpet: Vegetation Struck

Rev 8:7 The first angel sounded: And hail and fire followed, mingled with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. And a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up.

Second Trumpet: The Seas Struck

Rev 8:8 Then the second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. 9 And a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.

 

Third Trumpet: The Waters Struck

Rev 8:10 Then the third angel sounded: And a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. 11 The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the water, because it was made bitter.

Fourth Trumpet: The Heavens Struck

Rev 8:12 Then the fourth angel sounded: And a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. A third of the day did not shine, and likewise the night. 13 And I looked, and I heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”

Fifth Trumpet: The Locusts from the Bottomless Pit

Rev 9:1 Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. 2 And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. So the sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke of the pit. 3 Then out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth. And to them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4 They were commanded not to harm the grass of the earth, or any green thing, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. 5 And they were not given authority to kill them, but to torment them for five months. Their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it strikes a man. 6 In those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will desire to die, and death will flee from them.

 

7 The shape of the locusts was like horses prepared for battle. On their heads were crowns of something like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men. 8 They had hair like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lions’ teeth. 9 And they had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots with many horses running into battle. 10 They had tails like scorpions, and there were stings in their tails. Their power was to hurt men five months. 11 And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.

12 One woe is past. Behold, still two more woes are coming after these things.

Sixth Trumpet: The Angels from the Euphrates

Rev 9:13 Then the sixth angel sounded: And I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” 15 So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released to kill a third of mankind. 16 Now the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. 17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision: those who sat on them had breastplates of fiery red, hyacinth blue, and sulfur yellow; and the heads of the horses were like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths came fire, smoke, and brimstone. 18 By these three plagues a third of mankind was killed—by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which came out of their mouths. 19 For their power is in their mouth and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents, having heads; and with them they do harm.

 

20 But the rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, that they should not worship demons, and idols of gold, silver, brass, stone, and wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk. 21 And they did not repent of their murders or their sorceries or their sexual immorality or their thefts.

 

7 TRUMPETS OF REVELATION (Revelation 8-11)

7 Trumpets.jpg

If we thought things were bad when the seven seals were opened and unleashed the four horsemen of the Apocalypse, blowing the seven trumpets escalates the drama exponentially, raising it to a cosmic plain, with the very heavens raining

down fire upon the earth! We leave Lesson #7 with dead silence for half an hour, the tension rising palpably as seven angels stand poised to sound seven shinning trumpets.

 

The sequence of seven trumpets follows the same pattern as the sequence of seven seals:

  • The first four trumpets form a unified whole, as the four horsemen formed a unified whole;

  • The fifth and sixth trumpets are different in kind, as the fifth and sixth seals were different in kind; and

  • A two-part interlude separates the 6th from the 7th trumpet, as a two-part interlude separated the 6th from the 7th seal.

 

Seals (Human-caused events) --> Trumpets (Divine-caused events)

Moving from the seven seals to the seven trumpets escalates the catastrophes from human-caused events on the earth’s surface to divine-caused events pummeling the earth from above.

  • The actions of the four horsemen mirror the actions triggered by sinful men:

    • enforced peace

    • all-out war

    • famine

    • death

  • In contrast, the first four trumpets mirror the cataclysmic actions of nature:

    • hail and fire, mixed with blood

    • a large, burning mountain is hurled into the sea

    • a star like a flaming torch falls to earth

    • the sun, moon and stars go dark

 

 

What are the seven trumpets of Revelation?

https://www.gotquestions.org/seven-trumpets-Revelation.html

The seven trumpets are described in Revelation 8:6–9:19 and 11:15–19. The seven trumpets are the “contents” of the seventh seal judgment, in that the seventh seal summons the angels who sound the trumpets (Revelation 8:1–5). The judgments heralded by the seven trumpets will take place during the tribulation period in the end times.

The first trumpet. When the first angel sounds his trumpet, the world experiences “hail and fire mixed with blood” (Revelation 8:7). One third of the world’s trees are burned up in this plague, and all the grass is consumed. This judgment bears some similarities to the seventh plague in Egypt (see Exodus 9:23–24).

The second trumpet. In heaven, a second angel sounds a trumpet. The result is that “something like a huge mountain, all ablaze, was thrown into the sea” (Revelation 8:8). A third of the sea turns to blood, a third of the ships sink, and a third of ocean life dies (verse 9). This judgment is similar in some ways to the first plague in Egypt (see Exodus 7:20–21).

The third trumpet. The third trumpet judgment is like the second, except it affects the world’s freshwater lakes and rivers instead of the oceans. Specifically, “a great star, blazing like a torch” falls from the sky and poisons a third of the water supply (Revelation 8:10). This star is given the name Wormwood, and many people die (verse 11). In botany, wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) is a shrub-like plant noted for its extreme bitterness and poisonous properties.

The fourth trumpet. The fourth of the seven trumpets brings about changes in the heavens. “A third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them turned dark. A third of the day was without light, and also a third of the night” (Revelation 8:12).

Following the fourth trumpet judgment, John notes a special warning that comes from an eagle flying through the air. This eagle cries out with a loud voice, saying, “Woe! Woe! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the trumpet blasts about to be sounded by the other three angels” (Revelation 8:13). For this reason, the fifth, sixth, and seventh trumpets are referred to as the “three woes.”

The fifth trumpet. The fifth trumpet (and the first woe) results in a terrifying plague of “demonic locusts” that attack and torture the unsaved for five months (Revelation 9:1–11). The plague begins with a “star” falling from heaven. This star is most likely a fallen angel, as he is given “the key to the shaft of the Abyss” (verse 1). He opens the Abyss, releasing a horde of “locusts” with “power like that of scorpions” (verse 3). The locusts do not touch the plant life of earth; rather, they head straight for “those people who did not have the seal of God on their foreheads” (verse 4). For five months, these locusts torment people, whose agony is so great that they will wish to die, “but death will elude them” (verse 6). The locusts are not allowed to kill anyone, only to torture them.

These demonic “locusts” have a “king,” who is the angel of the Abyss (Revelation 9:11). In Hebrew his name is Abaddon, and in Greek it’s Apollyon, meaning “Destroyer.” The locusts themselves are described in unusual terms: they look like “horses prepared for battle” (verse 7). They wear something like “crowns of gold,” and their faces are vaguely human (verse 7). They have hair “like women’s hair” and teeth “like lions’ teeth” (verse 8). They have something like iron breastplates, and their wings sound like “the thundering of many horses and chariots rushing into battle” (verse 9). Like scorpions, they have stings in their tails (verse 10). This description has prompted many different interpretations: is this a vision of helicopters, of barbarian warriors, of a satanically empowered army, or of actual creatures from the pit of hell? We won’t know for sure until it happens.

The sixth trumpet. The sixth trumpet (and the second woe) involves the onslaught of another demonic horde (Revelation 9:12–21). Once the sixth trumpet sounds, a voice from the altar of God calls for the release of “the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates” (verse 14). These four angels had been kept in captivity for just this purpose: to wreak destruction during the tribulation (verse 15). These four wicked angels lead a supernatural cavalry of thousands upon thousands to kill a third of humanity (verse 16). The riders have breastplates of “fiery red, dark blue, and yellow” (verse 17). Their horses have “the heads of lions, and out of their mouths came fire, smoke and sulfur,” and “their tails were like snakes” (verses 18–19). They kill with their mouths and with their tails.

Despite the severity and horror of these plagues, the survivors on earth still refuse to repent. They continue in their idolatry, their murder, their sorcery, their sexual immorality, and their theft (Revelation 9:20–21).

Following the sixth trumpet judgment is a literary interlude. John sees an angel descend from heaven with a little scroll in his hand. A promise is given that “the seventh angel is about to sound his trumpet” (Revelation 10:7), and John is told that he must prophesy some more (verse 11). Next comes a description of the two witnesses who will preach in Jerusalem and perform miracles before they are murdered. God will then raise them back to life and take them to heaven (Revelation 11:1–13).

The seventh trumpet. The seventh trumpet (and the third woe) sounds, and immediately there are loud voices in heaven saying,

 

“The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah,
and he will reign for ever and ever” (Revelation 11:15).


The twenty-four elders say, “The time has come for . . . destroying those who destroy the earth” (verse 18). Obviously, God is about to wrap things up once and for all. At the sound of the seventh trumpet, the temple of God is opened in heaven, and “within his temple was seen the ark of his covenant. And there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake and a severe hailstorm” (verse 19).


Thus end the seven trumpet judgments. All is set for the seven angels with the seven bowls of God’s wrath. These angels stand inside the now-open temple, ready to step forward and bring the final judgments on earth (Revelation 15).

Trumpet 1 - Vegetation Struck (Rev 8:7)

First Trumpet: Vegetation Struck (Hail and fire, mixed with blood)

Rev 8:7 The first angel sounded: And hail and fire followed, mingled with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. And a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up.

  • In Scripture “the life of the flesh is in the blood” (Leviticus 17:11)

    • The reverse, “the blood of a dead man” is a horror, one which Revelation invokes when an angel pours out the second bowl, and the sea “turned to blood like that of a corpse” (16:3).

    • With the blast of the first trumpet, “hail and fire mixed with blood” is hurled upon the earth.

Trumpet 1a.jpg
  • Joel 1 – Mourning for the Land

Joel 1:13 Gird yourselves and lament, you priests; Wail, you who minister before the altar;
Come, lie all night in sackcloth, You who minister to my God;
For the grain offering and the drink offering Are withheld from the house of your God.
14 Consecrate a fast, Call a sacred assembly; Gather the elders And all the inhabitants of the land
Into the house of the Lord your God, And cry out to the Lord.

 

15 Alas for the day! For the day of the Lord is at hand; It shall come as destruction from the Almighty.
16 Is not the food cut off before our eyes, Joy and gladness from the house of our God?
17 The seed shrivels under the clods, Storehouses are in shambles; Barns are broken down, For the grain has withered.
18 How the animals groan! The herds of cattle are restless, 
Because they have no pasture; Even the flocks of sheep suffer punishment.

19 O Lord, to You I cry out; For fire has devoured the open pastures, And a flame has burned all the trees of the field.
20 The beasts of the field also cry out to You, 
For the water brooks are dried up, And fire has devoured the open pastures.

  • Illusions to The Exodus

    • “hail and fire mixed with blood” (8:7) is an obvious allusion to the 1st and 7th plagues brought on Egypt

    • Only this time it affects not just Egypt, but one third of the earth!

 

  • Plague #1 – Water becomes blood

    • Exodus

      • Ex 7:19 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, over their rivers, over their ponds, and over all their pools of water, that they may become blood. And there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in buckets of wood and pitchers of stone.’ ” 20 And Moses and Aaron did so, just as the Lord commanded. So he lifted up the rod and struck the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants. And all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood. 21 The fish that were in the river died, the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink the water of the river. So there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.

      •  Ps 105:29 He turned their waters into blood, And killed their fish.

    • Revelation

      • Rev 8:8 Then the second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. 9 And a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.

      • Rev 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy; and they have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to strike the earth with all plagues, as often as they desire.

      • Rev 16:3 Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died. 4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying: “You are righteous, O Lord, The One who is and who was and who is to be, Because You have judged these things. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, And You have given them blood to drink. For it is their just due.” 7 And I heard another from the altar saying, “Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

  • Plague #7 – Hail

    • Exodus

      • Ex 9:22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt—on man, on beast, and on every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.” 23 And Moses stretched out his rod toward heaven; and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and fire darted to the ground. And the Lord rained hail on the land of Egypt. 24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, so very heavy that there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. 25 And the hail struck throughout the whole land of Egypt, all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail struck every herb of the field and broke every tree of the field. 26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail.

      •  Ps 105:32 He gave them hail for rain, And flaming fire in their land.

    • Revelation

      • Rev 8:7 The first angel sounded: And hail and fire followed, mingled with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. And a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up.

      •  Rev 16:21 And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent [100 lbs]. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great.

 

Trumpet 2 - Seas Struck (Rev 8:8-9)

Second Trumpet: The Seas Struck (Huge mountain, all ablaze)

Rev 8:8 Then the second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. 9 And a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.

  • With the second trumpet blast, “something like a large burning mountain was hurled into the sea” (8:8).

    • As a result, 1/3 of the sea turned to blood, another overt allusion to the first plague of Exodus (the waters of the Nile River turned to blood and all the fish in the river died)

    • In addition, with the second trumpet a third of all the ships in the Mediterranean are wrecked.

 

  • Huge meteorite smashing into the sea

    • Although small meteorite strikes are relatively common on earth, the largest impact is the Vredefort crater in South Africa, which measures 190 miles across, caused by an object measuring 9-12 miles in diameter, an asteroid, not a meteor! It happened some 2 billion years ago.

Trumpet 2.jpg
  • Illusions to The Exodus

    • Water becomes blood

      • Exodus

        • Ex 7:19 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your rod and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their streams, over their rivers, over their ponds, and over all their pools of water, that they may become blood. And there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in buckets of wood and pitchers of stone.’ ” 20 And Moses and Aaron did so, just as the Lord commanded. So he lifted up the rod and struck the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants. And all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood. 21 The fish that were in the river died, the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink the water of the river. So there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.

        •  Ps 105:29 He turned their waters into blood, And killed their fish.

      • Revelation

        • Rev 8:8 Then the second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood. 9 And a third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.

        • Rev 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy; and they have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to strike the earth with all plagues, as often as they desire.

        • Rev 16:3 Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died. 4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5 And I heard the angel of the waters saying: “You are righteous, O Lord, The One who is and who was and who is to be, Because You have judged these things. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, And You have given them blood to drink. For it is their just due.” 7 And I heard another from the altar saying, “Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are Your judgments.”

 

Trumpet 3 - Freshwaters Struck (Wormwood) (8:10-11)

Third Trumpet: The Waters Struck (Blazing star, Wormwood)

Rev 8:10 Then the third angel sounded: And a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. 11 The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many men died from the water, because it was made bitter.

  • With the third trumpet blast, “a large star burning like a torch” shot through the heavens and struck the earth, affecting the rivers and springs.  As the second trumpet blast turned a third of the sea to blood, so the third trumpet blast poisons a third of the drinking water, turning it to “wormwood,” bitter.

3rd Trumpet.jfif

  • Similar to the second, the third natural disaster seems to be a meteorite, flaming through the sky.

 

  • Some commentators take the falling star to be Babylon, drawing on Isaiah 14:12 (“How you have fallen from the heavens, O Morning Star”), and others on Satan and the fallen angels of Revelation 12:9 (“The huge dragon, the ancient serpent, who is called the Devil or Satan, who deceived the whole world, was thrown down to earth, and its angels were thrown down with it”).

 

Trumpet 4 - Heavens Struck (8:12-13)

Fourth Trumpet: The Heavens Struck (Sun, moon and stars turned dark)

 

Rev 8:12 Then the fourth angel sounded: And a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. A third of the day did not shine, and likewise the night.

13 And I looked, and I heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, “Woe, woe, woe to the inhabitants of the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet of the three angels who are about to sound!”

4th Trumpet.jfif
  • Recalls:

    • 9th plague on Egypt, the plague of darkness “so thick it could be felt” (Exodus 10: 21-29),

    • Jesus saying in the Olivet Discourse: “the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken.” (Matthew 24: 29)

  • Illusions to The Exodus

    • Plague #9 – Darkness

      • Exodus

        • Ex 10:21 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, darkness which may even be felt.” 22 So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days. 23 They did not see one another; nor did anyone rise from his place for three days. But all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

        •  Ps 105:28 He sent darkness, and made it dark; And they did not rebel against His word.

      • Revelation

        • Rev 8:12 Then the fourth angel sounded: And a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. A third of the day did not shine, and likewise the night.

        • Rev 9:1 Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. 2 And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. So the sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke of the pit. 3 Then out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth.

        • Rev 16:10 Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues because of the pain. 11 They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds.
           

  • What could cause such a phenomenon?

    • Recall our introduction to Revelation, when we examined its historical and cultural context: Mt. Vesuvius erupted in A.D. 79, blanketing a large portion of the Mediterranean with volcanic ash, doubtless blotting out the sky and turning the day into night.

      • ​​In fact, Pliny the Younger, an eyewitness to the eruption from across the Bay of Naples, notes: “Though it was now morning, the light was exceedingly faint and doubtful; the buildings all around us tottered . . . we therefore resolved to quit the town. A panic-stricken crowd followed us . . .. Being at a convenient distance from the houses, we stood still, in the midst of a most dangerous and dreadful scene . . . On the other side [of the bay], a black and dreadful cloud, broken with rapid zigzag flashes, behind it variously shaped masses of flame; these were like sheet-lightning, but much larger . . .. Soon afterwards, the cloud began to descend, and cover the sea . . . a dense dark mist seemed to be following us, spreading itself over the country like a cloud.” (“Letter 66,” to Cornelius Tacitus)

      • This would have been a very recent event for John’s audience.

 

  • Angel / Vulture / Eagle

    • This is a haunting, nightmarish vision, a bird of prey circling and crying out in a loud voice:  Οὐαὶ! οὐαὶ! οὐαὶ! [oo-eye,’ oo-eye,’ ooeye’]; “Woe! Woe! Woe!”

    • Remember, the seals and the trumpets are preludes to judgment, not judgments themselves

      • They function more as dire warnings, warnings that are completely ignored by humanity, who continues down the same worn, twisted path to perdition.

      • By the time the seven seals are opened and the seven trumpets blown, klaxons are blaring, sirens wailing, yet humanity remains deaf and defiant.

      • When the seven bowls are poured out, total destruction will follow.

    • We now face the final three trumpets— the three “Woes!—uttered by the screeching bird of prey.

      • The bird is an ἀετοῦ  [eye-ee-toss’].

      • Most translations render the word “eagle,” but it might also be a “vulture.”

        • Since eagles do not eat carrion, this is probably what it is.

      • When the dust settles after the climactic battle of Armageddon, with slaughtered corpses stacked high, we read that “all the birds gorged themselves on their flesh” (19: 21).

 

Trumpet 5 (Woe 1) - Locusts from the Bottomless Pit (9:1-12)

Fifth Trumpet: The Locusts from the Bottomless Pit (Star, fallen to the earth)

Rev 9:1 Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. 2 And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. So the sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke of the pit. 3 Then out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth. And to them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4 They were commanded not to harm the grass of the earth, or any green thing, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. 5 And they were not given authority to kill them, but to torment them for five months. Their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it strikes a man. 6 In those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will desire to die, and death will flee from them.

Trumpet 5.jpg

7 The shape of the locusts was like horses prepared for battle. On their heads were crowns of something like gold, and their faces were like the faces of men. 8 They had hair like women’s hair, and their teeth were like lions’ teeth. 9 And they had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the sound of their wings was like the sound of chariots with many horses running into battle. 10 They had tails like scorpions, and there were stings in their tails. Their power was to hurt men five months. 11 And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.

12 One woe is past. Behold, still two more woes are coming after these things.

locusts_tribulation.jpg
Deathstalker scorpian.jfif

Who or what is Abaddon/Apollyon?

https://www.gotquestions.org/Abaddon-Apollyon.html

The name Abaddon or Apollyon appears in Revelation 9:11: “They had as king over them the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek, Apollyon.” In Hebrew, the name “Abaddon” means “place of destruction”; the Greek title “Apollyon” literally means “The Destroyer.”

In Revelation 8–9, John describes a period during the end times when angels sound seven trumpets. Each trumpet signals the coming of a new judgment on the people of earth. When the fifth angel blows his trumpet, the Abyss, a great smoking pit, will open, and a horde of demonic “locusts” will rise out of it (Revelation 9:1-3). These creatures will be given the power to torture any person who does not bear God’s seal (verse 4). The pain they inflict will be so intense that sufferers will wish to die (verse 6). Abaddon/Apollyon is the ruler of the Abyss and the king of these demonic locusts.

Abaddon/Apollyon is often used as another name for Satan. However, Scripture seems to distinguish the two. We find Satan later on in Revelation, when he is imprisoned for 1,000 years (Revelation 20:1-3). He is then released to wreak havoc on the earth (verses 1-8) and ultimately receives his final, eternal punishment (verse 10). Abaddon/Apollyon is likely one of Satan’s underlings, a destroying demon and one of the “rulers,” “authorities,” and “powers” mentioned in Ephesians 6:12.

John Bunyan’s classic allegory The Pilgrim’s Progress includes a memorable scene in which Christian does battle with a demonic monster named Apollyon. True to its name, Apollyon nearly destroys Christian. The pilgrim in his armor withstands the attack and wields his sword to repel the fiend. Bunyan’s “Apollyon” is a symbolic representation of our spiritual enemy, but the inspiration for the character is literal. The Abaddon/Apollyon of Revelation is a real being who will one day inflict real pain on real people during God’s real judgment.

  • Blowing the fifth trumpet—the first οὐαὶ — launches the most terrifying imagery in all of Scripture, a nightmarish collage of grotesque, hideous monsters with wings whirring, teeth snapping, tails stinging.

    • In the dark of night we feel the whisper of hot, rancid breath at the back of our necks. John’s vision snaps from Technicolor to Imax® 3d; from stereo to Dolby® Surroundsound; from fascination in the grotesque to all-out, heart-stopping terror. We struggle to breathe.

 

  • A star falls from the sky (the image recalls Jesus saying, “I have observed Satan fall like lightning from the sky” in Luke 10:18), and with a set of keys Satan opens the shaft to the ἀβύσσου  [ah’- boo-sauce], the “abyss.” Rusty hinges screech and groan, and as the heavy lid opens, smoke, heat and a horrible stench belches forth, and locusts and scorpions by the millions swarm out.

  • The “Deathstalker” scorpion, only 2 inches long and nearly transparent, is one of the most deadly scorpions in the world. It’s sting inflicts excruciating pain, leading to tachycardia, skyrocketing blood pressure, convulsions, coma . . . and often death. Deathstalkers (Leiurus quinquestriatus) are common throughout Israel and the Middle East. If you’re stung by one and survive, you will never forget the experience!

  • Illusions to The Exodus

    • Plague #8 – Locusts

      • Exodus

        • Ex 10:12 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land—all that the hail has left.” 13 So Moses stretched out his rod over the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind on the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. 14 And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt and rested on all the territory of Egypt. They were very severe; previously there had been no such locusts as they, nor shall there be such after them. 15 For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they ate every herb of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. So there remained nothing green on the trees or on the plants of the field throughout all the land of Egypt.

        •  Ps 105:34 He spoke, and locusts came, Young locusts without number, 35 And ate up all the vegetation in their land, And devoured the fruit of their ground.

      • Revelation

        • Rev 9:1 Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit. 2 And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. So the sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke of the pit. 3 Then out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth. And to them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. 4 They were commanded not to harm the grass of the earth, or any green thing, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. 5 And they were not given authority to kill them, but to torment them for five months. Their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it strikes a man. 6 In those days men will seek death and will not find it; they will desire to die, and death will flee from them.

  • A vast army of locusts swarms the land, stripping trees bare and devouring every blade of grass in Joel 1

Joel 1 – The Locust Plague in Judah

1 The word of the Lord that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

2 Hear this, you elders, And give ear, all you inhabitants of the land!
Has anything like this happened in your days, Or even in the days of your fathers?
3 Tell your children about it, Let your children tell their children, And their children another generation.

4 What the chewing locust left, the swarming locust has eaten;
What the swarming locust left, the crawling locust has eaten;
And what the crawling locust left, the consuming locust has eaten.

 

  • But the locusts in Revelation are like locusts on steroids

    • Massive creatures, genetically-engineered monsters, as large as horses, with human faces, women’s hair, lions’ teeth and iron breastplates

    • Their tails have massive stingers and their wings whirl with thunderous sound.

    • At the coming of these creatures, John’s audience might react as we might to a fully-armed battalion of M1A2 Abrams Battle Tanks rumbling down the front street; a squadron of F-22 Raptors screeching overhead; or the sky blackened with AH-65 Apache Attack Helicopters, bristling with hellfire missiles and M230 automatic canons.

 

  • These creatures—the demonic scorpions and locusts, swarming like vermin out of the abyss—are commanded by “the angel of the abyss, whose name in Hebrew [actually, Aramaic] is Abaddon [Ἀβαδδών, “Destruction”] and in Greek Apollyon [Ἀπολλύων, “Destroyer”]. The commander is Satan himself!

 

Trumpet 6 (Woe 2) - Four Angels from the Euphrates (9:13-21)

Sixth Trumpet: The Angels from the Euphrates (Four angels, released)

Rev 9:13 Then the sixth angel sounded: And I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 14 saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.” 15 So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour and day and month and year, were released to kill a third of mankind. 16 Now the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them. 17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision: those who sat on them had breastplates of fiery red, hyacinth blue, and sulfur yellow; and the heads of the horses were like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths came fire, smoke, and brimstone. 18 By these three plagues a third of mankind was killed—by the fire and the smoke and the brimstone which came out of their mouths.

6th Trumpet.jfif

19 For their power is in their mouth and in their tails; for their tails are like serpents, having heads; and with them they do harm.

20 But the rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, that they should not worship demons, and idols of gold, silver, brass, stone, and wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk. 21 And they did not repent of their murders or their sorceries or their sexual immorality or their thefts.

  • The voice from the horns of the golden altar belongs to the angel who presented the prayers of the “holy ones” in 8:3-5, and who then hurled the censer’s burning coals down upon the earth, accompanied by “peals of thunder, rumblings, flashes of lightning and an earthquake” (8:5).

 

  • The sixth trumpet unshackles four angels at the banks of the Euphrates River, who receive orders to “kill a third of the human race” (9:15).

    • Perhaps the four are fallen angels, since they were “bound at the banks of the [river]” (9:14).

    • To John’s audience, nothing good comes from the Euphrates River: Assyrian, Babylonian and Persian invaders all came from that direction, wreaking havoc, and the Euphrates is the far eastern boundary of the Roman Empire, beyond which lived the feared Parthians.

 

  • The sixth trumpet marks the final warning in a series of escalating disasters:

    • the seven seals embody human actions, with each action escalating in severity;

    • the seven trumpets embody natural or supernatural actions, each escalating in severity.

    • Now, four fallen angels (REALLY bad guys!), accompanied by 200 million cavalry [ἱππικοῦ, hippi-kos’], the shock troops of the ancient world, set out to kill one third of humanity!

 

  • 200 million troops is a huge number, hyperbole suggesting an enormous slaughter.

    • The Greek word is δισμυριάδες [dis-mu-ree-ahs’];

    • It is the largest number in the Greek language, μυριάς = 10,000, multiplied by itself, and then doubled!

    • It looks like God is unleashing overwhelming force in a last ditch effort to bring sinful humanity to its senses. This is “severe mercy,” indeed!

 

  • These are indeed demonic creatures, breathing fire, smoke and sulfur, images forever associated with hell.

    • These fire-breathing monsters with heads like lions and tails like snakes resemble the mythological Chimaera, first described by Homer in his Iliad. In the story, Proetus’ wife Antea lusts after the young and handsome Bellerophon, and when Proetus finds out he sends Bellerophon to Lycia, with a “secret message” for the king of Lycia, sure to get him killed. After dining together, the king sends Bellerophon on a suicide mission to kill the Chimaera, a “grim monster sprung of the gods, nothing human, all lion in front, all snake behind, all goat between, terrible, blasting lethal fire at every breath!” (Iliad 6, 209-215). Thankfully, Bellerophon succeeds, killing the beast . . . but they’re back in Revelation!

 

  • With a third of humanity killed, the survivors become even more intransient. Like Pharaoh in Egypt, with each disaster, they harden their hearts even more. And that’s a very sad commentary on the human condition, resulting in consequences that are inevitable, as we’ll see in the next lesson.

Rev 9-17 Horses and Riders.jpg

What are the three woes of Revelation?

https://www.gotquestions.org/three-woes.html

Woe means “grief, anguish, affliction”; the three woes of Revelation are the final judgment God pronounces on the evil inhabitants of the earth in order to spur them to repentance (Revelation 9:20). The three woes are, indeed, a time of great anguish and affliction for those who have pledged their allegiance to the Antichrist during the end times.

The number 7 is significant in Revelation, and the three woes will come toward the end of the seven-year tribulation period right before the second coming of Christ. God’s judgments during the tribulation are pictured as seven seals, opened one at a time. The seventh seal reveals the seven trumpet judgments. The fifth, sixth, and seventh trumpets are called the three woes (Revelation 8:13).

The first woe is revealed after the fifth trumpet judgment. This woe involves something like locusts that have the ability to sting like a scorpion (Revelation 9:3). Generally, these are not accepted as literal locusts because of their description and because they come from the Abyss and have a demonic overlord (Revelation 9:37-811). These creatures are permitted to harm only those people who do not have the “seal of God on their forehead” (Revelation 9:4). Those bearing God’s seal are the 144,000 (Revelation 7:3-4) or, possibly, all believers during that time (Ephesians 4:30). These demonic locusts are allowed to torment unbelievers for five months (Revelation 9:5) with painful stings. Although victims will long for death (Revelation 9: 6), they will not be granted that release.

The second woe is revealed after the sixth trumpet judgment. This woe begins when a voice commands, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates” (Revelation 9:14). These four angels are demons who were cast from heaven along with Satan. God is right now keeping them imprisoned until the appointed time (Revelation 9:15; cf. Jude 1:62 Peter 2:4). These angels and their armies, numbering two hundred million, are released to kill a third of mankind (Revelation 9:15-16).

After the second woe passes (Revelation 11:14), there comes a clear division in the book with the announcement from heaven, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ” (Revelation 11:15). In other words, this final stage of judgment will be the end, and righteousness will be restored to the earth.

The third woe is revealed after the seventh trumpet judgment. This woe is parallel to the trumpet that sounds in Joel 2 and signals the consummation of God’s plan for the entire world. This third woe marks the finishing of God’s judgment on sin; it occupies the book of Revelation through the 19th chapter, when Christ’s Kingdom is established on earth. Incorporated within this third and final woe are the seven “bowls” of God’s wrath, described in Revelation 16:1-21. This series of judgments is the greatest horror the citizens of earth have ever seen. Jesus said, “If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive” (Matthew 24:22).

 
 

Interlude – Little Scroll (10)

The Mighty Angel with the Little Book

Rev 10:1 I saw still another mighty angel coming down from heaven, clothed with a cloud. And a rainbow was on his head, his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire. 2 He had a little book open in his hand. And he set his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land, 3 and cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roars. When he cried out, seven thunders uttered their voices. 4 Now when the seven thunders uttered their voices, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, “Seal up the things which the seven thunders uttered, and do not write them.”

5 The angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land raised up his hand to heaven 6 and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things that are in it, the earth and the things that are in it, and the sea and the things that are in it, that there should be delay no longer, 7 but in the days of the sounding of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, the mystery of God would be finished, as He declared to His servants the prophets.

John Eats the Little Book

8 Then the voice which I heard from heaven spoke to me again and said, “Go, take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the earth.”

9 So I went to the angel and said to him, “Give me the little book.”

And he said to me, “Take and eat it; and it will make your stomach bitter, but it will be as sweet as honey in your mouth.”

 

10 Then I took the little book out of the angel’s hand and ate it, and it was as sweet as honey in my mouth. But when I had eaten it, my stomach became bitter. 11 And he said to me, “You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, tongues, and kings.”

  • In the first vision a mighty angel descends from heaven and in a voice like a roaring lion thunders: “There shall be no more delay” (10:6)! He then presents John with a “little scroll” and commands him to eat it!

  • Angel

    • This is the very same angel who:

      • Speaks to John on behalf of the risen and glorified Christ in 1:1

      • Introduced the scroll with seven seals in 5:2

      • Will close Revelation when he takes John on a guided tour of the New Jerusalem in 22:1

    • This mighty angel is “wrapped in a cloud” [νεφέλην, ne-fee’-lay, as in the “pillar of cloud & fire” in Exodus]

    • He has a “halo” [ἶρις, ee’ris, more commonly translated, a “rainbow”] around his head

    • His “face was like the sun and his feet were like pillars of fire,” and he stands with one foot on land and the other on the sea (10:1-2), indicating his “might” [πυρός, ee-skhu-ros’].

 

  • Scroll

    • Notice that the scroll he held “had been opened” [ἠνεῳγμένον, a perfect, passive verb]

      • Referring to the scroll with seven seals, opened by the Lamb in chapter 6:1-8:1

    • Some commentators claim that because it is called a “small scroll” it must be a second scroll, not the one opened by the Lamb

      • The word “”small scroll” is indeed the diminutive form, [βιβλαρίδιον], but it seems to be used interchangeably

      • For example, in 10:8, where John uses βιβλίον for the “small scroll.”

        • Richard Bauckham, in The Climax of Prophecy: Studies on the Book of Revelation (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1993), p. 244, points out that other Greek works of Christian prophecy, such as the Shepherd of Hermas, also uses the words interchangeably. I thank Peter S. Williamson in his Revelation, (Catholic Commentary on Sacred Scripture) Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2015, for this observation and reference.

 

  • Seven thunders

    • When the angel cries out like a lion, the “seven thunders” cry out, too.

    • It is a deft allusion to the voice of God in Psalm 29, agreeing with what the angel has to say.

 

“The voice of the Lord is over the waters:                     1

the glory of the Lord thunders,

the Lord over the mighty waters . . .

The voice of the Lord is splendor.                                  2

The voice of the Lord cracks the cedars . . .                  3

The voice of the Lord strikes with fiery flame,               4

the voice of the Lord shakes the desert . . .                  5

The voice of the Lord makes the deer dance               6

and strips the forests bare. (Psalm 29:3-9)                     7

 

  • John, pen in hand, gets ready to write down what the angel says, as he has written the seven letters to the seven churches and the series of visions he has experienced. But the angel says, No! “Seal up what the seven thunders have spoken, but do not write it down” (10:4), suggesting that there are elements of God’s “revelation” that are private, that are not to be shared with humanity.

 

  • Angel

    • Then the mighty angel raises his right hand to heaven and swears by him “who created heaven and earth and sea and all that is in them, ‘There shall be no more delay[!].”

    • This is precisely what the angel in Daniel does when Daniel asks the angel how long it will be before the visions revealed to him will occur.

    • In Daniel, the angel “swears by him who lives forever that it should be for a time, two times and half a time [3½ years] . . .” (Daniel 12:7).

    • John’s “revelation” draws intimately on its antecedents in Daniel, tightening the fabric of John’s vision

    • Here, the angel tells John that when “the seventh angel blows his trumpet, the mysterious plan of God shall be fulfilled, as promised to his servants the prophets” (10:7).

 

  • John ate the scroll

    • The mighty angel holds an open scroll in his hand, and he commands John to take it. When John approaches, the angel then tells him to take the scroll and eat it!

      • Of course, this is a symbolic gesture.

    • Jeremiah

      • The prophet Jeremiah complains to God that from his youth he loved God’s word, and that now he has no choice but to hear it and obey it:

      • “When I found your words, I devoured them; your words were my joy, and the happiness of my heart.” (Jeremiah 15:16)

      • When Jeremiah first encountered God’s words they meant everything to him; he devoured them—that is, he took them deeply into his heart and internalized them, making them a part of himself.

    • Ezekiel

      • Shortly after God calls Ezekiel to be a prophet, Ezekiel looks, and . . .

      • “[I]t was then I saw a hand stretched out to me; in it was a written scroll. [God] unrolled it before me; it was covered with writing front and back. Written on it was: Lamentation, wailing, woe!

      • He said to me: ‘Son of man, eat what you find here; eat this scroll, then go, speak to the house of Israel.’ So I opened my mouth, and he gave me the scroll to eat. ‘Son of man’, he said to me, ‘feed your stomach and fill your belly with this scroll I am giving you’. I ate it, and it was as sweet as honey in my mouth.” (Ez 2:9–3:3)

    • Responses

      • Ezekiel is a hard man. God had said to him: “Look! I make your face as hard as theirs, and your brow as stubborn as theirs [the Israelites]. Like diamond, harder than flint, I make your brow. Do not be afraid of them . . ..” (3:8-9) And God did make him hard.

      • John is a tender-hearted man, and what is on the scroll at first tastes like honey (for it’s the word of God, after all), but then it turns his stomach sour [ἐπικράνθη, pee-kri’-no, “bitter”]; it makes him sick, much like Daniel.

      • Us – The word of God is sweet, indeed, but it’s not saccharine, and it is brutally honest.

        • After studying God’s word and internalizing it, we are called to put it into action.

        • As St. James said (in the old 1611 King James translation): “But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.” (James 1:22)

        • With knowledge and understanding of Scripture comes responsibility.

        • Looking honestly and deeply into our own souls can be disconcerting at best, a terror at worst. For there are times when we gaze into our souls . . . and we see a picture of Dorian Gray staring back at us. It makes us sick.

What do the seven thunders in Revelation 10:1-7 mean?

https://www.gotquestions.org/seven-thunders.html

The seven thunders appear in Revelation 10:1–7. In his apocalyptic vision, the apostle John saw a mighty angel striding the sea and the land with a scroll in his hand. The angel gave a shout like the roar of a lion, and then the voices of the seven thunders spoke. Just as John was about to write down what they said, a voice from heaven told him to “seal up what the seven thunders have said and do not write it down” (Revelation 10:4).

The incident of the seven thunderous voices occurs in the interlude between the sixth and seventh trumpets. The seven thunders are not just the usual noise of thunder but are thunder-like voices communicating a message. The Greek word translated “thunder” means “to roar.” Thunder is often a mark of judgment in Scripture as in 1 Samuel 2:102 Samuel 22:14, and several more places in Revelation (8:5, 11:19, 16:18), so these seven powerful voices are crying out for God’s judgment upon the sinful earth. The thunder represents the voice of God. Psalm 18:13 says, “The LORD thundered from heaven; the voice of the Most High resounded.”

Further evidence of the seven thunders being the voice of God is in Revelation 4:5: “From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder. Before the throne, seven lamps were blazing. These are the seven spirits of God.” Again the voice of God is depicted as thunderous rumblings that display the power, majesty and glory of our mighty Lord. In this verse, John saw a preview of the divine wrath to be poured out on the earth as described in full in Revelation chapters 16—19.

Just as John was about to write the words of the seven thunders, a voice from heaven commands him to seal up what was revealed by them. The same throne that issues forth lightning and peals of thunder issues a command to keep secret what the voices have revealed. The reason for the sealing is not given, but it could be that the judgment was simply too terrifying to be recorded. The content of the message is never revealed in Scripture, so we can’t speculate on it. The seven thunders are the only words in Revelation that are sealed.

What is the little book that John eats (Revelation 10:9)?

https://www.gotquestions.org/little-book-John-eats.html

In Revelation 10:9, the apostle John asks an angel for the book the angel is holding, and the angel tells John to eat it. What is the little book that John eats (Revelation 10:9), and why is the book significant? The context helps answer those questions.

Revelation 4 presents a scene in heaven of the throne room of God; God has in His right hand a book with seven seals (Revelation 4:1). Jesus is the only one found worthy to open the book and its seals (Revelation 5:6), and when He opens each of the seven seals, there is a corresponding catastrophic judgment event on earth. When the seventh seal is opened, seven trumpets sound, each one beckoning a further judgment. After the sixth trumpet sounds, a strong angel appears, and the angel cried out like a lion’s roar and with thunder (Revelation 10:1–3). As John is about to write down what he heard, he is told not to write the words (Revelation 10:4). The angel then proclaims that there would be no further delay and that “the mystery of God is finished, as He had proclaimed to His servants the prophets” (Revelation 10:7).

Then the voice from heaven prohibiting John from writing what he had heard tells John to “go, take the book which is in the hand of the angel” (Revelation 10:8). John heeds the voice and approaches the angel, requesting to take the book. The angel replies, saying that John should take it and eat it and that it would be sweet in his mouth but would make his stomach bitter (Revelation 10:9). John does eat the book, and it is as the angel said (Revelation 10:10).

This was not the first time a prophet was told to eat a scroll or book. In Ezekiel 2—3 God had a scroll—with words written on front and back just like the book in Revelation—and on this book were written “lamentations, mourning, and woe” (Ezekiel 2:10). God told Ezekiel to eat the scroll, and it was sweet in his mouth like honey (Ezekiel 3:3)—again, just like the book in Revelation. Ezekiel was literally tasting God’s judgment upon Israel and the nations, and John was doing something similar. For centuries up to that point, God had sent His prophets to warn the nations and especially Israel of coming judgments; in Revelation “the mystery of God is finished as He had proclaimed to His servants the prophets” (Revelation 10:7). It appears that the little book that John eats is the book bearing the seals that only the Lamb was worthy to open (as He is the Judge), a book filled with the remaining judgments of God on the nations in fulfillment of the many prophecies He gave during the Old and New Testament eras. Once the final seal had been opened, the judgments in the book were initiated, and the mysteries of God were finished.

In the book of Revelation, God provides a testimony—this one for the churches. The mysteries were now revealed and recorded in the book John wrote. While we aren’t told why the little book that John eats turned his stomach sour, perhaps it was because of what was coming after he ate the book—he had more prophesying to do (Revelation 10:11), and what followed was even worse than what came before. The final judgments in the great tribulation were even more severe. As John recorded the words of the prophecy of the book of Revelation, He records the words of Jesus, who warned that He was the rightful Judge and that He would come suddenly (Revelation 22:12–13). Jesus added that the one who heeds the words of the prophecy of the book of Revelation is blessed.

By reading John’s book we can know how the story will end. How will we prepare? Will we hear and disregard Jesus’ words, or will we heed them and come to Him to take the water of life that costs us nothing (Revelation 22:17)?

 

Interlude – 2 Witnesses (Rev 11:1-14)
For more information, see Future Prophecies: Tribulation and Beyond: 2 Witnesses

The Two Witnesses

Rev 11:1 Then I was given a reed like a measuring rod. And the angel stood, saying, “Rise and measure the temple of God, the altar, and those who worship there. 2 But leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not measure it, for it has been given to the Gentiles. And they will tread the holy city underfoot for forty-two months. 3 And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.”

4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands standing before the God of the earth. 5 And if anyone wants to harm them, fire proceeds from their mouth and devours their enemies. And if anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this manner. 6 These have power to shut heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy; and they have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to strike the earth with all plagues, as often as they desire.

The Witnesses Killed

7 When they finish their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit will make war against them, overcome them, and kill them. 8 And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. 9 Then those from the peoples, tribes, tongues, and nations will see their dead bodies three-and-a-half days, and not allow their dead bodies to be put into graves. 10 And those who dwell on the earth will rejoice over them, make merry, and send gifts to one another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.

The Witnesses Resurrected

11 Now after the three-and-a-half days the breath of life from God entered them, and they stood on their feet, and great fear fell on those who saw them. 12 And they heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, “Come up here.” And they ascended to heaven in a cloud, and their enemies saw them. 13 In the same hour there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of the city fell. In the earthquake seven thousand people were killed, and the rest were afraid and gave glory to the God of heaven.

14 The second woe is past. Behold, the third woe is coming quickly.

  • Tribulation Temple

    • John is told to measure the temple, but to exclude the outer court for it “has been handed over to the Gentiles” who will trample the “holy city” for forty-two months.

    • On the face of it, this is a puzzling scene, for the temple in Jerusalem had been destroyed in A.D. 70: it no longer exists in the “holy city” of Jerusalem at the time John is writing Revelation!

      • This refers to a future third temple to be built in Jerusalem

        • 1st Temple was built by Solomon, 959-586 B.C.

        • 2nd Temple was built after the return from Babylon, 516 B.C.–A.D. 70

        • 3rd Temple – Tribulation Temple – ready to be built as soon as permission is granted

    • 42 months

      • The forty-two months recurs variously throughout Revelation as the period of “great tribulation”:

        • forty-two months (11:2; 13:5);

        • 1,260 days (42 months x 30 days = 1,260) (11:3; 12:6);

        • a year, two years and a half-year (12:14).

      • The time period recalls Daniel’s period of “great tribulation”

        • “The man clothed in lined, who was upstream, lifted his hands to heaven; and I heard him swear by him who lives forever that it should be for a time, two times, and half a time; and that, when the power of the destroyer of the holy people was brought to an end, all these things should end.” (12:7)

      • Significantly, 3½ years is ½ of 7, the number of completion

 

  • 2 Witnesses

    • Zechariah – The two olive trees and the two lamp stands recall a similar scene in Zechariah:

      • “Then the angel who spoke with me returned and aroused me, like one awakened from sleep. He said to me, ‘What do you see?’ I replied, ‘I see a lampstand all of gold, with a bowl on top of it. There are seven lamps that are on top of it, with seven spouts on each of the lamps that are on top of it. And beside it are two olive trees, one on the right of the bowl and one to its left.’” (4:1-5)

      • The angel then explains to Zechariah that:

        • the lamp stand is the Temple being constructed under the supervision of Zerubbabel, governor (and heir to David’s throne) of those who returned from Babylon (520-516 B.C.)

        • the two olive trees are Zerubbabel and Joshua, the high priest.

    • Revelation – The lamp stand in Revelation is a fitting symbol of the Church, for as the lamp stand brings light into the world, so does the Church bring the light of Christ into the world.

      • The two lamp stands may represent, as many of the early Church Fathers suggested, the Old and New Testaments

      • or perhaps they represent both Jews and Gentiles who comprise the Church in John’s day

    • Valid testimony

      • Throughout Scripture, two witnesses are required for a valid testimony (Deuteronomy 17:6)

      • Just as Zerubbabel and Joshua are God’s witnesses in building the second Temple, so are there two witnesses in building God’s Church

      • This is one reason why Jesus sends out his disciples two-by-two (Mark 6:7; Luke 10:1)

 

  • Who are the 2 witnesses?

    • Moses

      • Represents the Jewish Law

      • Turns the water of the Nile River into blood in the first plague on Egypt and who brings the additional nine plagues (Exodus 7:14–11:10),

      • Present at the at Transfiguration in Caesarea Philippi, where God the Father validates Peter’s confession of faith before two credible witnesses: Moses and Elijah.

    • Elijah

      • Represents the Jewish prophets

      • Shuts up the heavens so that it doesn’t rain for three and a half years during his battle with King Ahab and his miserable wife, Jezebel (1Kings 17:1).

      • Was raptured – did not die

      • Present at the at Transfiguration in Caesarea Philippi, where God the Father validates Peter’s confession of faith before two credible witnesses: Moses and Elijah.

    • Enoch

      • Represents the Gentiles

      • Was raptured – did not die

 

  • Death and resurrection of the 2 witnesses

    • Satan rises from the abyss, slays the two witnesses, and all the people rejoice!

    • As on New Year’s Eve, parties erupt throughout the land as people celebrate the slaughter of the prophets who had been telling them what they didn’t want to hear!

    • As Jesus had said: “They will hand you over to persecution, and they will kill you. You will be hated by all nations because of my name” (Matthew 24: 9).

    • But then, after three and one half days of rotting in the sun, the two witnesses draw breath, stand on their feet, and as the world watches, they ascend into heaven!

      • Technology has to be advanced enough that the whole world CAN watch as this happens

 

Trumpet 7 - The Kingdom Proclaimed (11:15-19)

Seventh Trumpet: The Kingdom Proclaimed (Temple in heaven, opened)

Rev 11:15 Then the seventh angel sounded: And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!” 16 And the twenty-four elders who sat before God on their thrones fell on their faces and worshiped God, 17 saying:

 

“We give You thanks, O Lord God Almighty,
The One who is and who was and who is to come,
Because You have taken Your great power and reigned.
18 The nations were angry, and Your wrath has come,
And the time of the dead, that they should be judged,
And that You should reward Your servants the prophets and the saints,
And those who fear Your name, small and great,
And should destroy those who destroy the earth.”

 

19 Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His temple. And there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail.

  • The twenty-four elders’ song recalls Psalm 2 which begins, “Why do the nations rage, and the people plot what is vain?” and it ends with God’s Anointed smashing the kings of the earth “with an iron rod,” shattering them “like a potter’s jar.”

  • After the second woe passes (Revelation 11:14), there comes a clear division in the book with the announcement from heaven, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ” (Revelation 11:15). In other words, this final stage of judgment will be the end, and righteousness will be restored to the earth.

 
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